By Linda Corwin
August 12, 2010
Many people across the lower 48 and in other countries consider
Chloramine to be a Pandora's Box. I have listed here only some
of the things that have been observed after chloramination of
A. Rubber parts not only in toilets, but gaskets around dishwasher
B. Washing machines and hot water heaters (which explode out
the bottom) are affected.
C. Chloramine removes from pipes the biofilm of chlorine (which
harbors bacteria that are usually harmless) but grows its own
biofilm which harbors coliform bacteria. That is why chlorine
burns are done every year. No chlorinated system has chloramine
burns to clean them out.
D. Dr. Marc Edwards of the University of Virginia has done extensive
testing and confirmed that chloramine leaches lead from copper
pipes and brass fittings - even lead free. He found it leaches
the plasticizers from plastic pipe causing them to become brittle.
These known carcinogens go into the water. Dr. Edwards was the
first to make the connection between chloramine and lead leaching
in Washington DC. He was subsequently fired for his efforts to
protect the public.
E. Pinhole leaks can form because of the corrosivity of chloramine.
If it happens to the pipes in walls it may promote the growth
of black mold, in which case the house must be destroyed.
A. Discharges from wastewater treatment plants, broken water
mains or brittle plastic pipes, even washing cars kill fish,
frogs, and amphibians if this water reaches a nearby stream or
B. Nitrification, the production of carcinogenic nitrates by
bacteria, can only be corrected by using huge amounts of chlorine
or dumping all of the contaminated water, flushing the system
with chlorine, and starting over.
A. No studies have been done to determine a level of chloramine
which is safe for humans.
B. No studies have been done on the health effects people are
experiencing when they are exposed to chloramine.
C. Chloramine is a chemical that dries the mucous membranes.
Skin is also affected because it is the major organ coming in
contact with chloramine.
So think hair, scalp, skin. Eyes, sinuses, lungs. Mouth, esophagus,
stomach, intestines, bowel. Symptoms may start as minor inconveniences
but will get worse. Chloramine is a chemical irritant not an
allergy, although it will mimic allergies. I don t want to put
ideas in people s heads about exact symptoms but I ask everyone
to pay attention to your bodies if you are exposed to chloramine
and call the Ketchikan MSD and Citizens Concerned About Chloramine
(CCAC) www.chloramine.org to relate what you are experiencing.
A. Chlorine has been extensively studied and most of its DBPs
are known. The issues with THMs and pregnancy problems have been
disproven and the bladder cancer scare is rare and easily treated.
Dr. Richard Bull, who has been studying water issues for over
thirty years, calls the linkage of THMs with health effects junk
B. The DBPs of chloramine were not studied before it was approved
as an alternate disinfectant. Now, DBPs are being discovered
that are not only toxic to cells, they can alter DNA.
B. UV light.
C. Membrane filtration.
D. Aeration to remove the volatile THMs.
E. Any combination of the above or others not mntioned above.
Please do not release the Pandora's Box of chloramine on your
neighbors or on your families. Please study our website, www.chloramine.org,
and look for an alternative. Denise Johnson-Kula, the president
of CCAC and I would be very happy to talk with you to discuss
the options. Denise's phone number is (408) 227-5767. You can
contact me at (650)355-6447 or firstname.lastname@example.org or through
About: "I am Vice President
of Citizens Concerned About Chloramine, a grass roots organization
that was formed by people who were sickened after chloramine
was introduced to the San Francisco Peninsula in 2004."
Received August 12, 2010 -
Published August 12, 2010
By Susan Pickford
in City Water By Kristine Bellanich
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