Salmon baby food, an idea whose time has come?
By Laine Welch
June 04, 2006
Fueled by $443,000 in federal funding from the Alaska Fisheries Development Foundation, a project is underway at the University of Alaska Fisheries Industrial Technology Center at Kodiak to create baby food made from salmon. AFDF is an industry based non-profit created in 1978 to help provide a bridge between fisheries research and the marketplace.
"Starting last year we began developing two prototype products - a pate form for infants and a chunk style food for toddlers made from pink and/or sockeye salmon, with or without fish oil additives. We may also use ground up salmon bone as a source for organic calcium," said FITC director, Dr. Scott Smiley. Another project will focus on using salmon roe as a baby food ingredient.
Smiley said it will be two or three years before the salmon products are ready to hand off to baby food manufacturers. But that is something that is beyond the realm of science. "We can tell seafood processors what they need to do to make a product that is 100 percent pure salmon and meets specific nutritional standards. It's up to them to sell the idea to baby food manufacturers, and to market researchers to try and make it fly in the market place," Smiley added.
Smiley displayed jars of seafood baby food from Japan adorned with labels showing colorful pictures of flounders and cod. He said infant formulas throughout Asia also contain fish oils to meet minimum requirements for omega three fatty acid levels. With all the health positives surrounding fish, why is the same nutrition not available to American babies?
"We can't get it past the gate-keepers. Parents just seem to have a bias against fish," was the response ten years ago by Gerber spokesperson Nancy Lindner. That attitude holds true today. "At this time, Gerber does not manufacture a baby food containing fish. The selection of products we offer is determined in large part by the preferences of parents," was the reply to a query at Gerber's consumer questions line. (Other companies did not respond.)
One baby food company expressed concern over the "odor" of processing fish at their manufacturing plants, said AFDF director Bob Pawlowski. To that end, AFDF has invited food scientists from major baby food makers to visit processing plants next month in Kodiak and one other Alaska community. "We want to show them that we have the most healthful, all natural salmon in the world with no bio-accumulation issues of contaminants or impurities. We will try and convince them that we can produce it and they can distribute it," Pawlowski said. He and Dr. Smiley have already scheduled follow up meetings in August with research and development staff at baby food companies headquartered in Urbana, Illinois.
Both men are optimistic that
salmon baby food is an idea whose time has come. Smiley said:
"Moms recognize it as healthful, low fat, loaded with omega
threes, it comes from pure Alaska watersthere is a whole lot
going for fish. It just depends on how willing people are to
make that vision translate into new products on the supermarket
The new requirements say that alcohol testing must follow a serious marine incident (SMI) within two hours, and no later than eight hours, following the incident. Drug testing must be done within 32 hour of an SMI. (An SMI includes such things as a death, an injury that requires treatment beyond first aid, property damage in excess of $100,000, loss of a vessel, or various pollution incidents.)
Lt. Randy Waddington said the
Coast Guard recognizes that sometimes testing can't be done within
the required time frame, as when "people are being plucked
out of the ocean."
Waddington was not sure if the devices will be available from outlets other than the internet. A list of approved testing equipment, which sells for $100-$150, is available from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration at www.nhtsa.gov/people/injury/alcohol/blood.
Failure to comply with the
new chemical testing regulations can result in fines of $27,500
for each violation. Questions? Contact Lt. Waddington at the
Marine Safety Office in Juneau at (907) 463-2444.
The new series follows on a release last year of guides produced in both English and Russian that identify three types of endangered short tailed albatross. Accidentally catching just four of those in a two year period can have serious ramifications, potentially closing down a fishery.
"Happily, we have not gotten close to those limits. We have not taken a short tailed albatross since 1998," said Thorn Smith, director of the North Pacific Longline Association and an MCA board member.
Alaska's longline fleet already uses avoidance measures to keep sea birds away from their fishing gear. "The streamer lines we deploy over our baited hooks while we're setting them out are extremely effective and we have reduced our incidental take of birds eight fold," Smith said, adding that the bird guides have been very popular. "We've got some real bird watching fishermen out there. It tends to raise their consciousness and has been a very successful series."
The collaboration also has provided guides to identify and avoid the world's most endangered whales right whales. "The series represents a remarkable cooperative effort by industry, government and environmentalists," said MCA director Dave Benton. Get more information at www.marineconservationalliance.org
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