Fishery managers poised to take action
May 01, 2012
Currently, 2,300 metric tons of halibut bycatch is allowed in the GOA groundfish fisheries. That is further broken down to 2,000mt for the trawl sector and 300mt for hook and line fisheries, primarily the cod fleet. Those are the two fisheries that have the highest amounts of halibut bycatch.
At its June meeting in Kodiak, the North Pacific Fishery Management Council (NPFMC) will vote to cut the Gulf “prohibited species” bycatch limits by five, 10 or 15 percent.
“These are fairly small cuts at this juncture but it’s a first step to continually reducing halibut bycatch,” said Theresa Peterson of Kodiak, who is a member of the Council’s Advisory Panel.
“It has been 25 years since the bycatch limits were established and they have remained relatively unchanged since then,” she added. “In this same time period the commercial halibut catch in the Gulf has been reduced 63%. There are a large number of people that depend on that resource and these cuts have had and will continue to have dramatic effects on our fisheries and businesses and community economies.”
The International Pacific Halibut Commission, which manages the halibut fisheries, estimates that each pound of bycatch results in lost yield ranging from .9 pounds to 1.1 pounds, depending on the region. This means one pound of halibut caught as bycatch results in 1.5-1.7 lbs. of lost spawning biomass, according to the Alaska Marine Conservation Council (AMCC). Because the IPHC manages the halibut fisheries based on the biomass of the halibut stock, bycatch has a direct impact on all halibut harvesters.
Sport fishermen also are feeling the pinch. The annual bycatch total exceeds the combined harvest level for the sport halibut fisheries in Southeast and Southcentral Alaska, which together totaled over 4.4 million pounds in 2010.
“Many people in Alaska and around the nation are concerned with the condition of the halibut stocks and council members need to hear from people,” Peterson stressed.
The AMCC has generated a sign on letter that provides an easy way for people to show their support for the 15% halibut bycatch reduction. It will be presented as a petition to the NPFMC when it meets in Kodiak in early June. Kodiak is the fishing community that will be most affected by the Council’s bycatch decision.
“Halibut bycatch is first up on the agenda and it is critical that the voting Council members hear from people when they are in Kodiak,” Peterson said. “Every testimony matters and they really like to hear from community members.”
Alaska vs. World
Most fishing and seafood processing is done out of sight and it can be easy to lose track of what’s crossing the docks – and where Alaska fits in the global seafood picture.
Data from 2010 by the Alaska Seafood Marketing Institute show that pollock makes up 44% of the landed tonnage, other groundfish at 22%, salmon at 17%, Pacific cod at 11%, shellfish and herring both at 2% and halibut and black cod produced one percent of Alaska’s total seafood tonnage.
Salmon made up 30% of the total seafood value, followed by pollock at 25%, shellfish at 15%, halibut at 10%, cod at 9%, sablefish at 6% and herring was worth 2% of Alaska’s total seafood value.
Broadening the picture: Alaska produces over half of all seafood landings in the US and 90% of the nation’s wild salmon. Globally, 12% of salmon comes from Alaska and 10% for crab. In all, Alaska produces just 2% of the world’s total seafood harvests.
Speaking of world seafood harvests: thousands of tons of wild fish are caught each year to feed farmed fish. Spanish researchers at the University of Oviedo for the first time analyzed DNA fragments from fish-based feeds used in aquaria and salmon farms. The results showed that eight species high on the food chain are used, including anchovies, whiting, cod, herring and mackerel. Some of the feeds are made from byproducts produced from seafood processing, but much comes directly from fisheries. The researchers said using fish from commercial fisheries as feed does little to minimize the exploitation of natural fish populations. . They ‘urgently’ suggested replacing wild fish in fish feeds with other proteins.
It has been a long winter for Bering Sea crabbers who since January have taken about 75% of their 80 million pound snow crab harvest. Crabbing also continues for blue kings at St Matthew Island, where there is a 2 million pound quota this year. There is little to no jig effort for cod around the Aleutian Islands, but the fishery will remain open until the 5.5 million pound quota is caught or till June 9, whichever comes first.
In the Gulf, jigging for cod is going strong, and 117 boats have caught nearly half of their 7.8 million pound allocation. Kodiak herring also is more popular this year with up to 35 boats on the grounds, double last season. Halibut fishing continues slow but steady. So far about 12% of the 24 million pound catch limit has been landed. Sablefish deliveries are at 16% of the 29 million pound quota. At Prince William Sound, trawlers are targeting side stripe shrimp with a quota of 145,000 pounds. All herring fisheries remain closed in PWS again this year.
Shrimping opens in Southeast on May 1st along with the spring troll season for kings. (The winter fishery closed April 27.) A lingcod fishery opens May 16 with a regional harvest of more than 330,000 pounds. Southeast Divers are finally back in the water after almost a two month hold, due to high PSP levels in geoduck clams. just over 100,000 pounds of clams remain for harvest in two regions.
The first salmon openers for 2012 are kicking kick off at the Stikine and Taku rivers in the Panhandle on May 7, with Copper River following in mid May. And once again, there will be no commercial fishery this summer for Yukon River kings.
This year marks the 21st year for this weekly column that focuses on Alaska’s seafood industry. It began in 1991 in the Anchorage Daily News, and now appears in over 20 newspapers and web sites. A daily spin off – Fish Radio – airs weekdays on 30 radio stations in Alaska. My goal is to make all people aware of the economic, social and cultural importance of Alaska’s fishing industry to our state, the nation and the world.