By Laine Welch
March 04, 2007
Each year fishery scientists conduct surveys in the winter to collect tissue samples from the spawning grounds, and during the summer to collect data on the halibut stocks. The research includes various areas - this year occurring off the Queen Charlotte Islands in British Columbia, in the Central Gulf of Alaska and in Bering Sea waters along the Aleutian Chain.
The researchers have special permits to offload and sell the halibut they catch in local ports. The landings are quite low, and prices intend to be inflated. But the pre-season landings do give an indication of market interest, and they can be summed up in a word: high.
In early February, 7,000 pounds of halibut crossed the Homer docks and fetched $6.55/lb for all sizes. "That compared to an average price last summer of $3.77/lb. So there was a big jump interest over the winter," said Claude Dykstra, survey manager for the International Pacific Halibut Commission which conducts the annual research.
At Dutch Harbor, two deliveries in early February of 8,500 pounds and 10,000 pounds were broken out by size classes. Halibut weighing 10 to 20 pounds paid $3.60/lb; 20 - 40 pounders got $3.95/lb and larger sizes received $4.35/lb. The average price paid in Dutch during the summer was $3.41/lb, Dykstra said.
One major Kodiak buyer said the pre-season landings by researchers have little bearing on the actual market. However, he agreed there is no doubt the halibut market will be strong, adding that prices are likely to hit $5/lb in some areas. "But when there's that much of an increase in value, it can go sour really fast and buyers will be extremely cautious," he said.
Starting prices for halibut last year approached or topped $4.00 a pound in major ports and seldom dipped below $3.00 during the eight month season. The statewide average price for 2006 was $3.71/lb.
Alaska's 2007 commercial halibut
fishery has a catch limit of just over 52 million pounds. The
Halibut Commission has a call out for several research charters
starting this summer, preferably for vessels over 55 feet. Contact
the IPHC for more information at (206) 634-1838 or www.iphc.washington.edu
Fast food giant McDonald's is using interactive, online computer games to lure more folks to enjoy its Filet of Fish sandwich.
The new multi-media ad campaign allows consumers to 'interact with the brand' by challenging gamers to go 'head to snout' with one of the ocean's most competitive creatures the dolphin. In a game of 'Aquatic Tennis' (which would more correctly be called volleyball), 'man and dolphin' try to bang a fish sandwich past each other. In 'Ocean Commotion,' man tries to balance a sandwich on his nose longer than the more adept dolphin. And in a popular repeat from last year called 'Sharkbait,' players try to keep the Filet o Fish away from a swarm of hungry sharks. All games are timed, allowing gamers to compete with one another. The promotion, in both Spanish and English, also offers wallpapers, cell phone ring tones and t-shirts. Nearly all of McDonald's fish sandwiches are made from Alaska pollock, and the company claims to sell more than 300 million sandwiches each year. (www.filetofish.com)
And for the first time, Kentucky
Fried Chicken is offering a fish sandwich at its more than 5,500
locations across the country during the 40 days of Lent. Called
a Fish Snacker and selling for just 99 cents, the sandwich is
made of 100 percent Alaska pollock. To increase the new promotion's
visibility, KFC has asked Pope Benedict to bestow his blessing
on the new menu item. No word yet on whether Benedict will offer
his papal approval.
People are familiar with how farmed salmon competes with Alaska's wild caught fish in world markets. In that case, it is lower prices not availability that gives farmed salmon a toe hold. Today, demand for dwindling stocks of whitefish is prompting a boom in farmed varieties that compete with Alaska's largest fisheries - cod and pollock.
Industry watchers predict that in less than ten years, world farmed cod production could top 440 million pounds. According to the latest Seafood Market Report by the Alaska Seafood Marketing Institute, two freshwater fish pose an even bigger threat: farmed tilapia and pangasius.
Imports of tilapia to the U.S. through October last year were nearly 276 million pounds, up 70 percent from the year before. China imports 90 percent of all frozen tilapia, while Costa Rica, Ecuador and Honduras provide 90 percent of the fresh imports. U.S. per capita consumption of tilapia grew 62 percent between 2003 and 2005, the report said.
While tilapia has come to dominate the American market for farmed whitefish, pangasius has been developing as the darling of the European market. Pangasius, also called basa, is a type of shark catfish and it can grow to market size in just seven months. Vietnam, the primary producer, sent more than 217 million pounds of farmed pangasius to Europe through October last year, an increase of 80 percent. In just a few more years, Vietnam expects to produce more than two billion pounds and make more inroads into U.S. markets as well. By comparison, Alaska's 2007 catch quota for pollock is roughly three billion pounds.
World consumption patterns
favor seafood as more people are aware of its health benefits,
combined with concerns over poultry and beef borne illnesses.
The ASMI report said farmed whitefish are "shifting the
playing field" as they do an end run around the biological
limitations occurring with wild catches. (www.alaskaseafood.org
Sea lice from salmon farms threaten wild stocks in British Columbia. That's according to a report by Dr. Craig Orr of Watershed Watch, which covered waters of the Broughton Archipelago, an area between northern Vancouver Island and the mainland. Major crashes of wild pink and chum stocks coupled with high rates of sea lice have focused attention on fish farming and its role in salmon declines.
Orr's study was done in cooperation with Marine Harvest, one of Canada's largest fish farm companies. The project tracked sea lice production at 12 farm sites that use open net cages, containing between one and five million Atlantic salmon. Over an 18 month period in 2003 and 2004, the fish produced billions of lice eggs during the winter and spring, just prior to the seaward migration of the region's wild salmon. (1.6 billion eggs were produced in just one two week period.)
Orr's study confirms earlier findings by University of Alberta researchers that showed sea lice infected up to 98 percent of all wild juvenile salmon in the Broughton waters. Studies of salmon farms off Scotland, Ireland and Norway have shown similar results. Orr's study raises the question - if 12 farms produce billions of sea lice eggs, how many are the 85 active fish farms in British Columbia producing?
In a token nod to the problem,
B.C. policy makers in 2003 enacted a one time only plan that
required farms to reduce sea lice numbers by early harvesting
and chemical treatments. Some fish farmers, like Marine Harvest,
are relocating their sites far away from wild salmon migration
routes. Environmentalists and fishermen say the only safe way
to farm salmon with out harming wild stocks is to switch from
net pens to closed containment systems. Orr's sea lice study
is in the February North American Journal of Fisheries Management.
Find it at www.watershed-watch.org
Contact Laine at msfish[AT]alaska.com
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