North Pacific Fishery Management Council again fails to act on bycatch at December council meeting
December 24, 2022
“While the council’s failure to rein in the pollock trawl fleet’s prolific bycatch and unpermitted dragging of the seafloor is frustrating, it is not surprising. The North Pacific Fishery Management Council process is not designed to allow for the nimble and responsive action needed at this time of profound environmental change,” said SalmonState executive director Tim Bristol. “One of the glimmers of hope that came out of this meeting, however, is the National Marine Fisheries Service’s announcement that it may update the guidance for national standards governing bycatch to better reflect priorities like equity and climate resilience. We applaud that announcement and are looking forward to working in a more productive way to change this unfair, inequitable allocation of resources.”
The national standards, which are determined by Congress, are “principles that must be followed in any fishery management plan to ensure sustainable and responsible fishery management.” Each standard has guidelines from NMFS as to how it is to be implemented, and every fishery must follow those guidelines.
Specifically, in its written report to the council, NMFS wrote “NMFS is aware that some national standard guidelines have not been reviewed in more than a decade. As such, and given the ties to other priorities such as climate resilience and equity, NMFS is considering initiating review of guidance for National Standards 4, 8, and 9 which outline the principles related to allocations, communities, and bycatch.”
“Indigenous fishers and small-boat harvesters have for too long shouldered the burden of conservation while the pollock trawl fleet continues its documented and unseen catching and killing of enormous numbers of salmon and crab,” Bristol continued. “The council even failed to implement the hard cap on chum salmon bycatch recommended by Governor Dunleavy’s task force. In light of this failure we are grateful to NMFS for prioritizing equity and the resilience of our fisheries and communities.”
The council’s December meeting, held in Anchorage, concluded on December 14, 2022.