NPS-Alaska Finalizes Sport Hunting Regulations Drawing Concerns
Overrides State's Wildlife Management Role
October 27, 2015
In Alaska, national preserves encompass about 20 million acres, and are managed by the National Park Service. Sport hunting in preserves was authorized by Congress when they were established in 1980.
Sport hunting in national preserves continues to be primarily regulated by the State of Alaska. The state-authorized practices being prohibited conflict with National Park Service law and policy. Units of the National Park System are managed for naturally-functioning ecosystems and processes. While sport hunting is allowed in national preserves in Alaska, NPS policies prohibit manipulating native predator populations, typically bears and wolves, to increase numbers of harvested species, such as caribou and moose.
Under the new federal regulations, which were proposed in 2014, most state-managed hunting practices and seasons are retained in the preserves. According to the National Park Service, these regulations do not restrict or limit subsistence hunting under federal subsistence rules on NPS-managed lands.
The new regulations make permanent several similar temporary restrictions which had been implemented annually for several years. The NPS received about 70,000 comments, and three petitions with a total of approximately 75,000 signatures, and collected input at 26 public meetings held across Alaska.
According to an Alaska Department of Fish and Game news rlease, the State of Alaska is concerned about what they say are "restrictive hunting regulations" published by the National Park Service (NPS). The new federal restrictions released under the “Final Rule for Hunting and Trapping in National Preserves in Alaska” override state regulations governing practices of longstanding importance to rural Alaskans and bypass the state’s role under the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act as manager for fish and wildlife on all lands in Alaska.
“We believe these regulations will have a noticeable effect on the lives of Alaskans, particularly those Alaskans living a subsistence lifestyle,” said Bruce Dale, director of the Division of Wildlife Conservation. “The final rule implements yet another level of regulation that will reduce Alaskans’ ability to provide food for their families and to retain their culture and heritage.”
According the the Alaska Department of Fish & Game, the NPS meetings on the subject disregarded the concerns of a diverse array of Alaskans opposed to the rule. NPS staff declined requests by many - including the Alaska Federation of Natives, Alaska Outdoor Council, the Subsistence Resource Councils associated with several NPS units, Regional Resource Advisory Committees and the State of Alaska - for continued work with stakeholders and the state to resolve these issues.
The state will review the new NPS regulations and will consider all options to resolve the issues.
The new regulations provide six significant changes for sport hunters in national preserves:
According to the National Park Service, the regulations also update and simplify closure procedures for Alaska NPS units and make those procedures more consistent with NPS procedures across the country. The primary change is the elimination of the category of “temporary” closures which expired after 12 months. Closures and restrictions will be compiled annually in writing and made available to the public or, except for emergencies, published as a rulemaking in the Federal Register. The distinction will be done through a criteria-based approach similar to other NPS Lower 48 units (and mirrored by Alaska State Parks). In-person public meetings and public notice will be required prior to adopting hunting or fishing closures.
The regulations were published on October 23, 2015. The closure regulations become effective on November 23, 2015, however these new hunting regulations will not take effect until January 1, 2016.
Edited by Mary Kauffman, SitNews
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