October 20, 2009
The Families USA report is based on the link between rising unemployment and health insurance coverage losses. Most Americans 61.9 percent of those under the age of 65 get their health coverage through their own job or that of a family member. Job loss, therefore, usually means loss of health coverage because other options, such as COBRA and individual coverage, are usually prohibitively expensive.
Nationwide, the unemployment rate in 2008 averaged 5.8 percent, ranging from 4.8 percent to 7.2 percent. In 2009, the unemployment rate through August rose to an average of 8.9 percent, ranging from 7.6 percent to 9.7 percent.* The average number of people unemployed in 2008 was just under 9 million, and this average has grown so far to 13.7 million in 2009.
Based on this rise in unemployment, the Families USA report estimates that the number of uninsured working-age adults rose by 4.0 million and, as a result, the total number of uninsured Americans now exceeds 50 million.
"People who receive a pink slip experience a double whammy," said Ron Pollack, Executive Director of Families USA. "They not only lose their jobs but they usually lose their health coverage as well. That's why health care reform is so important. It will protect America's families when they lose or switch jobs."
The Families USA report compares the percentage of uninsured adults in 2009 with the Census Bureau's average annual percentage of uninsured adults for the three-year period of 2006-2008. According to the analysis, the percentage of uninsured adults in Alaska grew from 22.6 percent in 2006-2008 to a projected 23.5 percent in 2009.
"The loss of a job is a terrible blow to working families, but when health insurance is lost along with the job, it is a devastating one-two punch," Pollack said. "The uninsured are less likely to get the care that they need when they need it, and they may face a financial catastrophe when medical bills start to pile up.
"An economic downturn exposes the tragic flaws in our health care system, revealing that the health and well-being of American families can be put in jeopardy overnight, despite their best efforts and their best plans to protect themselves. It is clearly time for change."
The Families USA report "One-Two Punch: Unemployed and Uninsured," is based on a model created by economists at The Urban Institute. The Institute's formula shows that for every percentage point increase in the seasonally-adjusted unemployment rate, the percentage of uninsured working-age adults grows by 0.59 percentage points.
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