For Prince William Sound Killer Whales
October 28, 2003
"We are concerned about this group of killer whales," said Dr. James Balsiger, administrator for the Alaska Region of NOAA Fisheries. "For genetic, behavioral, ecological and
The AT-1 group once numbered 22 animals, but now contains only nine whales, including four females. No new calves have been sighted since 1984.
The AT-1 whales have been observed feeding on harbor seals and porpoises in Prince William Sound and Kenai Fjords in Alaska.
The AT1 group is currently considered part of a larger population of 346 transient killer whales in the eastern North Pacific. Prince William Sound and Kenai Fjords are also home to about 362 resident killer whales. Resident and transient killer whales have different eating habits, calls and genetics.
NOAA Fisheries received a petition from the National Wildlife Federation last November to list the AT-1 group as a separate and depleted stock of marine mammals under the Marine Mammal Protection Act. The petitioners suggested that effects of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in 1989, chemical contaminants such as PCB's and DDT, increased vessel traffic, and a reduction in available prey species are possible factors in the decline of the AT-1 group. Agency officials found merit in the petition, and now propose designating this group as a depleted stock.
If the stock is found to be depleted, NOAA Fisheries officials will consider what measures might be necessary to revise the declining population trend of AT-1 stock of killer whales.
NOAA Fisheries welcomes information about the AT-1 killer whales. A 90-day formal public comment period ends January 22. The agency is particularly interested in hearing about the identification of AT-1 killer whales as a population stock; the historical or current abundance of this group; factors that may be affecting the group; and conservation measures that may promote their recovery. Comments may be sent to: Assistant Regional Administrator for Protected Resources, National Marine Fisheries Service, 709 W. 9th St, Juneau, AK 99802-1668 or faxed to (907) 586-7012.
The Federal Register notice and other information can be found at: http://www.fakr.noaa.gov/protectedresources/whales/killerwhales/petition.htm. People may also contact Kaja Brix at (907) 586-7235 or Tom Eagle at (301) 713-2322 Ext.105 for further information.
Source of News Release: