Statistics for 2002 Released by FBI
October 28, 2003
Tuesday - 1:00 am
DC - Nationally, the volume of crime reported to law enforcement
in 2002 (estimated at 11.9 million offenses) increased by less
than one-tenth of one percent when compared to the 2001 volume,
the Federal Bureau of Investigation reported Monday. Five- and
10-year trend data showed that the 2002 estimated volume was
4.9 percent lower than the 1998 volume and 16.0 percent lower
than the 1993 volume. The FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR)
Program released this information today in its annual publication,
Crime in the United States, 2002.
more than 17,000 city, county, and state law enforcement agencies
voluntarily provided data on serious crime: 4 violent crimes
(murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery,
and aggravated assault) and 3 property crimes (burglary, larceny-theft,
and motor vehicle theft) to the UCR Program. These agencies represented
93.4 percent of the total U.S. population as established by the
U.S. Bureau of the Census.
the United States, the estimated volume of violent crime reported
to law enforcement decreased 0.9 percent in 2002, with 1.4 million
estimated offenses. Five- and 10-year trend data revealed the
estimated number of violent crimes was 7.0 percent lower than
the 1998 number and 25.9 percent less than the 1993 number.
the Nation's cities experienced a 1.9-percent decrease in the
volume of violent crime. Rural counties in the United States
had a collective decline of 1.2 percent in violent crime, and
suburban counties experienced a 1.0-percent increase in violent
rate for violent crime, an estimated 494.6 offenses per 100,000
in population, decreased 2.0 percent when compared to the 2001
weapon data collected for murder, robbery, and aggravated assault
showed that offenders used personal weapons, such as hands, fists,
and feet, in 31.2 percent of these crimes. Firearms were involved
in 26.8 percent of murders, robberies, and aggravated assaults,
and knives or cutting instruments were used in 14.9 percent.
Other types of weapons were used in 27.1 percent of murders,
robberies, and aggravated assaults.
law enforcement cleared 46.8 percent of reported violent crime
in 2002. Murders were cleared at a rate of 64.0 percent, aggravated
assaults had a clearance rate of 56.5 percent, forcible rapes
were cleared at a rate of 44.5 percent, and robberies had a clearance
rate of 25.7 percent.
2002, 11.9 percent of all clearances involved juveniles only.
Juveniles were involved in 12.3 percent of clearances in suburban
counties, they were a part of 12.1 percent of clearances in cities,
and juveniles were involved in 9.6 percent of clearances in rural
enforcement made an estimated 620,510 arrests for violent crimes
during 2002. Females comprised 17.4 percent of all violent crime
arrestees. Individuals under the age of 25 made up 43.7 percent
of all violent crime arrestees.
estimated volume of reported property crime increased 0.1 percent
in 2002 when compared to the 2001 number. Trend data for 5 and
10 years showed that the volume was 4.6 percent lower than the
1998 volume and 14.5 percent lower than the 1993 volume.
- A breakdown
of the data by population group showed that property crime decreased
0.3 percent in the Nation's cities collectively. Rural counties
experienced an increase of 0.7 percent, and suburban counties
had a collective increase of 1.0 percent in the volume of property
crime in 2002.
2002 property crime rate estimated at 3,624.1 offenses per 100,000
inhabitants decreased 0.9 percent from the 2001 number.
2002, the estimated dollar loss associated with property crime
(excluding arson) was $16.6 billion, an increase of less than
0.3 percent from the 2001 estimate. Motor vehicle theft caused
a loss of $8.4 billion, larceny-theft accounted for a loss of
$4.9 billion, and burglary resulted in a loss of $3.3 billion.
in 2002, law enforcement cleared 16.5 percent of all reported
property crime. Juveniles were involved in 20.3 percent of clearances
for property crime.
enforcement made an estimated 1.6 million arrests for property
crime offenses during 2002. Females made up 30.7 percent of all
property crime arrestees, and adults comprised 70.2 percent of
all property crime arrestees.
crime rate standardizes the volume of crime by measuring it per
100,000 U.S. resident population. In 2002, the estimated volume
of the reported serious crime per 100,000 was 4,118.8, which
reflected a 1.1-percent decrease when compared to the 2001 rate,
a 10.9-percent decrease when compared to the 1998 rate, and a
24.9-percent decrease when compared to the 1993 rate.
the South had a crime rate of 4,721.9 serious crimes per 100,000
inhabitants, the West a rate of 4,418.8, the Midwest a rate of
3,883.1, and the Northeast a rate of 2,889.0 serious crimes per
100,000 in population in 2002. A comparison of this year's crime
rate with the 2001 rate showed that the Northeast had a decrease
of 3.7 percent, the Midwest experienced a decrease of 2.4 percent,
the South had a decrease of 1.2 percent, and the West had an
increase of 1.6 percent.
- A breakdown
of the data by community type showed that Metropolitan Statistical
Areas (MSAs) had an estimated rate of 4,409.1 reported offenses
per 100,000 inhabitants. Cities outside the Nation's MSAs had
a rate of 4,524.0, and rural counties had a rate of 1,908.7 reported
offenses per 100,000 in population.
law enforcement agencies reported that 20.0 percent of serious
crimes were cleared by arrest or exceptional means in 2002. Agencies
collectively cleared 46.8 percent of violent crimes, with murder
having the highest percentage of clearances at 64.0 percent.
They also cleared 16.5 percent of property crimes, with larceny-theft
having the highest percentage (18.0) of clearances among the
the serious crimes cleared by law enforcement in 2002, 18.0 percent
involved only juveniles. Juvenile offenders accounted for 11.9
percent of violent crime clearances and 20.3 percent of property
2002, law enforcement agencies nationwide made an estimated 13.7
million arrests (excluding traffic violations).
relation to the total U.S. population, the Nation's arrest rate
was estimated at 4,783.4 arrests per 100,000 inhabitants.
violent crime arrest rate was 217.9 arrests per 100,000 inhabitants,
and the property crime arrest rate was 570.5 arrests per 100,000
2002, the Nation's cities collectively had an arrest rate of
5,170.2 per 100,000 in population. Suburban counties had an arrest
rate of 3,841.5, and rural counties had an arrest rate of 4,025.6
arrests per 100,000 inhabitants.
total number of arrests increased 0.5 percent from 2001 to 2002.
for violent crimes decreased 0.8 percent from the 2001 number,
and arrests for property crimes increased 0.6 percent.
for drug abuse violations and driving under the influence accounted
for an estimated 21.8 percent of all arrests.
adults accounted for 83.5 percent of persons arrested in 2002.
Juveniles were most often arrested for larceny-theft, and adults
were most often arrested for driving under the influence.
when compared to the number of arrests during 2001, arrests of
adults increased 1.2 percent, and arrests of juveniles decreased
2002, males comprised 77.0 percent of all arrestees. Males also
accounted for 82.6 percent of those arrested for violent crimes
and 69.3 percent of those arrested for property crimes. The offenses
for which males were most often arrested were drug abuse violations
and driving under the influence.
number of females arrested in 2002 increased 2.1 percent from
the 2001 number. The offense for which females were most often
arrested was larceny-theft.
race, 70.7 percent of all arrestees in 2002 were white. The offense
for which whites were arrested most often was driving under the
influence. The offense for which blacks were arrested most often
was drug abuse violations.
violent crime of murder is the most serious crime in the UCR
hierarchy. An estimated 16,204 murders took place in 2002, a
1.0-percent increase over the 2001 estimate. A comparison of
the data from 5 and 10 years ago showed that the 2002 estimate
decreased 4.5 percent from the 1998 estimate and 33.9 percent
from the 1993 estimate.
2002, law enforcement agencies provided supplemental homicide
data for 14,054 homicides. In 2002, 90.1 percent of murder victims
were adults. Males accounted for 76.8 percent of murder victims.
Juveniles accounted for 8.2 percent of all male victims and 15.3
percent of all female victims. By race, 48.7 percent of murder
victims were white, 48.5 percent were black, and 2.7 percent
were of other races.
2002, the relationship between the victim and the offender was
unknown for 42.8 percent of the victims. Among the incidents
for which the victims' relationship to their killers was known,
22.2 percent were related to their murderers, 53.4 percent were
acquainted with their offenders, and 24.4 percent did not know
and boyfriends killed 32.1 percent of female victims, and wives
and girlfriends murdered 2.7 percent of male victims.
from single victim/single offender incidents indicated that 92.3
percent of black victims were slain by black offenders, and 84.7
percent of white victims were slain by white offenders.
2002, 71.1 percent of reported murders involved a firearm. Offenders
used knives or cutting instruments in 13.4 percent of the murders,
personal weapons (hands, fist, feet, etc.) in 7.1 percent, and
blunt objects in 5.1 percent of incidents. Other weapon types
(poison, arson, etc.) accounted for the remainder.
acts (forcible rape, robbery, arson, etc.) were the circumstances
surrounding 16.5 percent of the murder offenses in 2002. Another
0.5 percent of murders involved circumstances suspected of being
felonious in nature. Arguments were the cause of 27.5 percent
of the murders, and 23.0 percent involved other types of circumstances
(brawls, sniper attacks, etc.). Circumstances were unknown in
32.6 percent of the incidents.
were an estimated 95,136 forcible rapes in 2002, an increase
of 4.7 percent when compared to the 2001 estimate.
2002, an estimated 64.8 of every 100,000 females in the country
were victims of forcible rape, an increase of 3.5 percent from
the 2001 rate of 62.6. In comparison with rates of 5 and 10 years
ago, the 2002 rate of forcible rapes of females was 3.9 percent
below the 1998 rate and 19.4 percent below the 1993 rate.
community type, cities outside MSAs had the highest rate of forcible
rape, estimated at 75.9 forcible rapes for every 100,000 females.
MSAs had a rate of 66.5 forcible rapes per 100,000 females, and
rural counties had a rate of 46.8 forcible rapes for every 100,000
enforcement cleared 44.5 percent of forcible rapes nationwide.
were an estimated 420,637 robberies in 2002, a 0.7-percent decrease
from the 2001 number. The robbery rate nationwide was 145.9 per
100,000 inhabitants, a decrease of 1.7 percent from the 2001
accounted for 3.5 percent of reported serious crime in 2002 and
comprised an estimated 29.5 percent of the violent crimes.
resulted in an estimated $539 million loss, or an average loss
of $1,281 per incident. Bank robberies resulted in the highest
average loss at $4,763 per incident.
2002, offenders used firearms in 42.1 percent of the robberies
reported by law enforcement. Another 39.9 percent of robberies
involved strong-arm tactics, and offenders used knives or cutting
instruments in 8.7 percent of robbery offenses. Other weapons
were used in 9.3 percent of robberies.
estimated 894,348 aggravated assaults that occurred in 2002 marked
the ninth consecutive year of decline for that offense, a decrease
of 1.6 percent from the 2001 estimate. The 2002 figure reflected
a decrease of 8.4 percent from the 1998 number and a decrease
of 21.2 percent from the 1993 number.
assaults accounted for 62.7 percent of the violent crimes in
2002. There were an estimated 310.1 reported victims of aggravated
assault per 100,000 inhabitants. This rate was 2.7 percent lower
than in 2001, 14.2 percent lower than in 1998, and 29.6 percent
lower than in 1993.
weapons, such as hands, fist, and feet, were used in 27.7 percent
of reported aggravated assaults in 2002. Law enforcement reported
that firearms were used in 19.0 percent of aggravated assaults,
and knives or other cutting instruments were used in 17.8 percent.
Other weapon types were used in 35.4 percent of the aggravated
assaults in 2002.
were an estimated 2.2 million burglaries in 2002, a 1.7-percent
increase over the 2001 number. The burglary rate was estimated
at 746.2 per 100,000 in population, an increase of 0.6 percent
over the 2001 rate.
due to burglary totaled an estimated $3.3 billion in 2002, with
an average value of $1,549 per offense. The majority of burglaries,
65.8 percent, were residential in nature, and 61.7 percent of
these occurred during daytime hours.
entry burglaries accounted for 62.8 percent of all burglary offenses,
unlawful entry comprised 30.8 percent, and attempted forcible
entry accounted for approximately 6.5 percent.
the 7 serious crimes for which law enforcement report data, burglary
had the lowest percentage of clearances at 13.0 percent.
enforcement reported an estimated 7.1 million larceny-theft offenses
in 2002, a decrease of 0.6 percent from the 2001 number. The
rate for larceny-theft was estimated as 2,445.8 per 100,000 inhabitants,
a decrease of 1.6 percent from the 2001 rate.
accounted for 59.4 percent of the reported serious crime in 2002
and 67.5 percent of the property crime.
monetary loss due to larceny-theft offenses in 2002 was estimated
at $4.9 billion, with an average value of $699 per offense.
were an estimated 1.2 million reported motor vehicle thefts in
2002, which represented a 1.4-percent increase in volume when
compared to the 2001 number. The rate for motor vehicle theft
was estimated at 432.1 per 100,000 inhabitants, a 0.4-percent
increase over last year's rate.
were stolen at a rate of 337.5 cars per 100,000 inhabitants.
Trucks and buses (commercial vehicles) were stolen at a rate
of 85.2 per 100,000 in population, and other types of vehicles
were stolen at a rate of 35.9 per 100,000 in population.
estimated value of all motor vehicles stolen was $8.4 billion
in 2002. The average value of motor vehicles reported stolen
the Nation during 2002, a total of 13,981 city, county, college
and university, and state police agencies employed 665,555 full-time
officers and 291,947 civilians providing law enforcement services
for more than 271 million inhabitants.
average, there were 3.5 full-time law enforcement employees,
including both officers and civilians, for every 1,000 inhabitants
in the United States in 2002. There were 2.5 sworn officers for
every 1,000 in population. Cities collectively reported 2.3 law
enforcement officers per 1,000 inhabitants; suburban counties
reported an average of 2.7 law enforcement officers, and rural
counties had an average of 2.5 law enforcement officers per 1,000
males made up the majority of sworn officers at 88.7 percent.
Females comprised 62.1 percent of all civilian employees in 2002.
Cities with populations of
1 million inhabitants or more had the highest percentage of sworn
female officers at 17.5 percent.
Special StudytBank Robbery in the United States
robberies account for millions of dollars in losses in the United
States each year. In a special study included in Crime in the
United States, 2002, the FBI examined information about bank
robberies from three of its criminal justice databases: the UCR
Program's Summary system, the UCR Program's National Incident-Based
Reporting System (NIBRS), and data from the Bank Robbery and
Incidental Crimes Statute (BCS). The study updates part of a
previous study, Crime Indicators System, Fourth Semiannual Briefing
on Crime, published by the FBI in 1983.
examination of the NIBRS data showed that in the years 1996 through
2000, the average amount of money taken in a bank robbery was
less than $5,000.
during that same time period, only 20.0 percent of the money
stolen in bank robberies was recovered.
1996-2000 NIBRS data also revealed that violence and injury occurred
during 2.3 percent of bank robberies.
ReporttReported Sniper Attacks, 1982c2001
FBI examined data taken from the 1982-2001 Supplementary Homicide
Reports to compile a report, which is also published in Crime
in the United States, 2002, on the incidence of sniper attacks
using firearms as reported by law enforcement.
report showed that in this 20-year period there were 327 murder
incidents that law enforcement classified as sniper attacks with
firearms and 379 victims of these attacks.
examination of the weapons data revealed that handguns were used
in the commission of 63.6 percent of these attacks; rifles in
22.9 percent; shotguns in 7.0 percent; and other types of firearms,
unknown firearms, and firearms type not stated in 6.7 percent
of these sniper murders.
data also showed that the majority of the victims and offenders
of these sniper attacks were between 25 and 49 years old, male,
white, and strangers to each other.
Source of News Release:
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