October 25, 2003
"Consumers age 45-plus are the fastest growing and most valuable segment of the financial marketplace," said Christine Donohoo, associate executive director at AARP. "However, only half of the 1,500 respondents could correctly answer fundamental financial questions e.g., 'what charges and fees do no-load mutual funds have'; 'what does the FDIC cover in investment losses'; and 'does diversification of investments decrease risk.'"
Although consumers age 45-plus are lacking knowledge of basic financial and investment terms they do understand some aspects of personal credit, including such things as how failing to make timely credit card payments can impact their credit rating. While acknowledging room for improvement, 45-plus consumers also report managing their debt levels well, with only seven percent saying that they have more debt than they can financially handle. This knowledge prevented this group from receiving an even lower grade from AARP.
"We need to better educate consumers in basic financial planning," said Donohoo. "Without the planning, many consumers will have a rough time preparing for their future." For now, most information comes from family and friends instead of professionals who are trained at answering these issues.
There is good news in this report. Ninety-eight percent of all 45-plus consumers surveyed have taken steps to protect their identity and credit situation. Some of these steps include ordering a copy of their credit report and limiting the number of identification cards they carry. Identity theft is one of the fastest growing crimes in the U.S. today and AARP encourages older consumers to protect themselves from this invasive crime.
The percentage of 45-plus consumers reporting bad purchasing experiences in the past year has increased over the past four years. And while more consumers took some type of action, including complaints to the Better Business Bureau, in 2003 compared with 1999, overall respondents are slightly less satisfied in 2003 with the action they took. Of those people who say they had a bad experience in the past year, thirty-seven percent say they were victims of a major swindle or fraud.
Other key findings include:
African-Americans and Hispanics that were surveyed are more likely to carry a higher debt ratio, are less likely to hold financial investments, and are more likely to have bad experiences with major purchases and products. There are some positives however. Both groups seek senior business personnel when they complain about a product or service and African-Americans are more knowledgeable than others surveyed in understanding the impact of on-time bill paying and how it reflects on their credit report.