Numbers of Americans With
and Without Health Insurance Rise
October 01, 2003
Wednesday - 1:15 am
The number of people with health insurance rose by 1.5 million
between 2001 and 2002, to 242.4 million, and the number of uninsured
rose by 2.4 million, to 43.6 million, the U.S. Census Bureau
An estimated 15.2 percent of
the population had no health insurance coverage during all of
2002, up from 14.6 percent in 2001, according to the report,
Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2002.
The proportion of insured children
did not change in 2002, remaining at 64.8 million, or 88.4 percent
of all children.
For the second year in a row,
the overall decrease in coverage was attributed to a drop in
the percentage (62.6 percent to 61.3 percent) of people covered
by employment-based health insurance.
The percentage of people covered
by government health insurance programs rose in 2002, from 25.3
percent to 25.7 percent, largely as the result of an increase
in Medicaid coverage.
- Although Medicaid insured
14.0 million people in poverty, another 10.5 million people representing
30.4 percent of those in poverty had no health insurance in 2002;
this percentage was unchanged from 2001.
- The rate of uninsured Hispanics,
who may be of any race, was 32.4 percent in 2002 higher than
any other racial or ethnic group, but unchanged from 2001.
- The proportion of the foreign-born
population without health insurance (33.4 percent) was more than
double that of the native population (12.8 percent).
- The health insurance coverage
rates for non-Hispanic whites who reported a single race was
89.3 percent. For blacks and Asians who reported a single race,
the rates were 79.8 percent and 81.6 percent, respectively.
- Young adults (18-to-24 years
old) were less likely than other age groups to have health insurance
coverage -- 70.4 percent in 2002. This compares with 82.3 percent
for those 25-to-64 years old and 99.2 percent for those 65 and
over, reflecting widespread Medicare coverage.
- While most children (67.5
percent) were covered by an employment-based or privately purchased
health insurance plan in 2002, nearly 1-in-4 (23.9 percent) was
covered by Medicaid.
- The proportion of people who
did not have health insurance ranged from about 8.0 percent in
Minnesota, Rhode Island, Wisconsin and Iowa to 24.1 percent in
Texas, based on three-year averages. New Mexico was the only
state where the proportion of people without coverage fell, while
the proportion rose in 18 states, based on comparisons of two-year
The United States Census Bureau
notes that the estimates in the report come from the 2001, 2002
and 2003 annual social and economic supplements to the Current
Population Survey. As in all surveys, the data are subject to
sampling variability and other sources of error.
U.S. Census Bureau Guidance on the
Presentation and Comparison of Race and Hispanic Origin Data
Health Insurance Coverage in the United
Source of News Release:
U.S. Census Bureau
E-mail Editor: firstname.lastname@example.org
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