By ELIZABETH FERNANDEZ
San Francisco Chronicle
August 19, 2008
The survey, released Thursday by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse, found that parents are dropping the ball on preventing their kids from using drugs, drinking and smoking. Teen-agers surveyed said it's easier to buy narcotics than beer. Nearly half the 17-year-olds in the survey said they have at least one friend who abuses prescription drugs.
By overlooking the dangers posed in the medicine cabinet, parents in effect become "passive pushers," said Joseph Califano Jr., chairman and president of the center. The study surveyed 1,002 youths ages 12 to 17 along with more than 300 of their parents between April and June.
The study found that more than a third of the prescription drugs illegally obtained by teens came from their homes.
Health experts not involved in the survey agree that teen-agers raiding the family medicine cabinet are a growing problem -- many youths quickly become hooked on such powerful opiates as Vicodin and OxyContin. Studies show that opiates trail only marijuana as the most commonly abused class of illegal drugs among adolescents.
While illegal drug use among teen-agers has dropped by 25 percent since 2001, the number of teens using Vicodin has not budged, and the number of teens using OxyContin has risen by 25 percent, according to statistics kept by the Office of National Drug Control Policy.
"This has quietly and insidiously grown into a big problem," said Tom Riley, a spokesman for the agency. "It's not a creepy guy in an overcoat pushing drugs -- this is about medications that are in your home. Prescription drugs are the drug of choice for teens who are trying drugs for the first time. They are getting drugs from their parents' or their grandparents' medicine cabinets."
"More and more, they are coming in strung out on prescription pill opiates," said Howard Kornfeld, an assistant clinical professor at the University of California-San Francisco School of Medicine, who for 20 years has specialized in addiction and pain treatment.
In an effort to better control online drug sales, Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., is sponsoring legislation to require businesses that distribute controlled substances through the Internet to register with the Drug Enforcement Administration. The bill passed in the Senate in April and awaits a vote in the House. It was prompted by the fatal Vicodin overdose of Ryan Haight, a 17-year-old in San Diego who bought the painkiller online.
Teens are particularly vulnerable to addiction, said San Francisco psychologist Dean Blumberg, a program manager with Kaiser Permanente's Chemical Dependency Recovery Program. "You can get addicted anytime, but the two most vulnerable times are adolescence and old age," he said.
Blumberg says that some warning signs of substance abuse can initially appear to be the hallmarks of adolescence: mood swings, irritability, altered sleep patterns. But chronic drug users, he said, have more telltale symptoms that parents should heed: groggy demeanor, pinpoint pupils, nasal irritation, weight loss, paranoia, depression, truancy, falling grades.
Peter Koo, a clinical professor of pharmacy at the UCSF Medical Center, said much of the problem can be pinned on people who are careless about unused medications.
"They tend to forget the pills are in there, or they feel they paid for them and don't want to toss them," he said.
In similarly urging parents to pay closer heed, the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse prescribes some old-fashioned remedies, including better monitoring of kids on school nights and more time around the family dinner table.
"Preventing substance abuse among teens is primarily a mom-and-pop operation," said Califano. He said parents should monitor their children, keep drugs out of reach and refuse to put up with drug-infected schools.
Distributed to subscribers for publication by
Scripps Howard News Service, http://www.scrippsnews.com
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