Duke Island Recognized for Cultural Significance
July 07, 2011
A traditional cultural property (TCP) is eligible for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places because of its association with cultural practices or beliefs of a living community. The site must be one that is both rooted in that community's history and important in maintaining the continuing cultural identity of the community.
The Forest Service received several letters of support for this effort, including letters from Alaska Native Brotherhood and Sisterhood, Ketchikan Indian Community, Native Sites Guardianship Council, and several elders. For many Tlingit, Haida, and Tsimshian Alaskans, Duke Island is part of an ancestral homeland, where ancestors are buried and where familial histories are embedded in the forest, the cemeteries, and the remains of former camps and subsistence activities.
There are 55 known archaeological and historic sites within the Duke Island Area traditional cultural property including villages, burials, shell middens, fish traps, fort sites, battle grounds, fish camps, an abandoned customs house, homesteads, old trapper cabins, and a Light House. The oldest site on Forest Service land is a shell midden dating to 3,500 ± 50 years Before Present.
The Duke Island Area, like other eligible sites, will now be managed to protect its eligibility for listing in the National Register of Historic Places. As part of this, the Forest Service will undergo an extensive review and consultation process whenever an activity is proposed that may impact the area. While this may not preclude activities from taking place, it ensures that the Alaska Native communities who have a connection to the area are involved in the decision on whether and how to work in the area.
Quaterra Alaska, Inc., holds a number of federal and state mining claims on Duke Island. The claims are located within the Tongass National Forest and the Forest Service is responsible for managing surface activities on these claims.
In the most recent mining activities, Copper Ridge Explorations Inc. completed a five hole 1,537 m drill program at its Duke Island copper-nickel-platinum-palladium property in September of 2010. However, in March of 2011, Quaterra Resources Inc. announced that Copper Ridge Explorations Inc. terminated its option on the Duke Island project and the project reverted entirely to Quaterra. The Company announced it will examine various options for the future course of action for its Duke Island copper-nickel-platinum-palladium property.
The Duke Island Property was located by Quaterra in 2001. Between 2001 and 2006, Quaterra had completed geological mapping, soil and rock sampling, ground and airborne geophysical surveys and 1,820 m of core drilling in 11 holes.
Edited by Mary Kauffman
Sources of News: