Training and Volunteers Essential
In Providing Fire & Emergency Services
By Marie L. Monyak
January 23, 2006
Ketchikan, Alaska - After 9/11, firefighters and emergency medical
service (EMS) personnel became the unsung heroes of America.
Ask any firefighter or EMT and they'll say they're just doing
their job, but how many jobs involve saving lives at the risk
of their own?
Training is the key. In 2005, the North Tongass Volunteer Fire
Department personnel invested over 5000 hours in training alone.
Initially, all training was conducted out of town at a huge expense
but NTVF is fortunate to have Chief Dave Hull and Lt Jerry Kiffer.
Hull is a qualified instructor in EMT2, EMT3 and Paramedics,
Kiffer completes the picture with his qualification as an EMT1
Chief Dave Hull and
Lt Jerry Kiffer
Photograph by Marie L. Monyak
Born and raised in Ketchikan, Kiffer has been married for 18
years, with a son serving on the Polar Star (an icebreaker) currently
heading for Antarctica. Kiffer's inspiration to serve as a firefighter
and EMT came at an early age when, as a young boy scout, his
troop assisted at the site of a plane crash. Making lunches and
handing out sandwiches while watching the local emergency response
personnel is all it took and Kiffer was hooked like a salmon
to a hoochie.
Kiffer got his start with the Pond Reef Volunteer Fire Department
where he worked his way up to the rank of Captain. He also spent
several years as the Incident Commander of the Ketchikan Volunteer
Rescue Squad. With the closure of the Pond Reef department, Kiffer
brought his considerable talents to NTVF where his dedication
and willingness to instruct the volunteers will serve to make
the department strong and effective in their mission. If anyone
asks, Hull will tell them, "I give him [Kiffer] what he
needs to get the job done and then I get out of his way."
Currently Kiffer is instructing what is called a bridge class
that builds on an earlier ETT (Emergency Trauma Technician) class
which will result in students that can test out at the EMT (Emergency
Medical Technician) level. On February 25th, Kiffer's nine students
will test alongside those from the South Tongass Fire Department.
Training can be expensive but various grants ease the burden.
NTVF, along with two other island departments, received a grant
through Homeland Security for Firefighter 1 and Firefighter 2
With the advent of Homeland Security much more is expected of
first responders, particularly in the area of hazardous materials
and biological weaponry, referred to as WMD - weapons of mass
Ketchikan is now considered a major target during the summer
months when the cruise ships are in port. As a result there has
been a significant amount of hazardous material training that
culminated in an island wide exercise conducted this past August.
Training in firefighting, hazardous materials, emergency trauma
and medical are just the beginning, but what type of protection
would North Tongass have without its volunteers? With a great
deal of pride, Hull says, "Volunteers are our backbone,
they're invaluable." "In a community the size of Ketchikan,
it's impossible to support a full career department the size
necessary to provide the coverage needed. Even 50% of the Ketchikan
Fire Department is staffed by volunteers."
According to Hull, "Most big cities have career fire departments
yet the majority of departments in the U.S. are volunteer. The
advantage of having a volunteer department is that it is significantly
cheaper in the most part yet offers the same level of service."
Hull added, "Volunteer departments are equally trained and
equipped and can perform at the same level of any career department."
So what do all these volunteers and hours of training translate
to, for the residents of North Tongass and those traveling the
roads out North? A recent incident was brought to the attention
of this writer by Assemblyman John Harrington.
In December of 2005, a pickup truck was involved in a single
vehicle accident on Revilla Road. According to Kiffer, who is
reluctant to call any accident "minor", "There
wasn't a tremendous amount of damage, the vehicle never rolled
over or left the road. NTFV responded to the scene and the EMT's
followed procedure - evaluating the patient, placing a cervical
collar around the neck for stabilization and finally placing
the victim on a backboard for removal from the vehicle. Our cervical
collar and backboard stayed with the patient throughout his transport
to Ketchikan General Hospital, a medivac flight and subsequent
ambulance transport to a hospital in Washington."
What the EMT's could not have known and was not discovered until
examined by a doctor, the patient had a severe cervical fracture.
Kiffer stated, "I am confident that had someone tried to
move the patient, he would not have survived."
"On a scale of one to ten, I would have called that accident
a two," Kiffer said, explaining how it was perceived. "This
is a great opportunity for me to say to our EMTs, this is why
we do what we do on every accident." Following procedure
learned in training is critical in every single incident, no
matter how minor it may appear.
"Rescue personnel are rarely the first responders,"
Kiffer said. "The first responder is the passer-by that
stops to help. It is really important for the victim of an accident
to have that first contact, someone to talk to them, tell them
911 has been called and keep them calm." Equally important,
is to not move the victim unless absolutely necessary, as in
the case of a vehicle on fire.
Equipment is another factor in operating a successful department.
"We received two big grants that enabled us to furnish our
rigs with necessary equipment," Hull said. "The State
Legislature also came through with funding to buy our ambulance
and equip it."
Hull added, "Just recently we received a grant through the
USDA Code Blue program to purchase another ambulance to service
this end [North Tongass], it was a matching grant of $35,000."
This new ambulance, which is expected to arrive sometime in May,
will also serve as a backup for South Tongass Fire Department
should their unit breakdown.
What else does a volunteer fire department need? "People
can volunteer without training or experience. They can bake cookies
or make things for fundraisers, help with garage sales, maintain
and clean the rigs," Hull conveyed the need for help.
"Two firefighters may carry the nozzle in to a fire but
it takes 30 to 40 other people to get them there." Kiffer
explained, "It's a team effort, everyone contributes in
some way, everyone is just as important as the guy on the nozzle."
The North Tongass Fire and Emergency Medical Service Membership
Association is the non-profit volunteer organization that assists
with many of the duties that enable NTVF to succeed in their
Kiffer summed it up with very few words, "Training pays
off. Volunteers can save your life."
As many people may already know, the NTFV is moving to their
new location on North Tongass. Hull was excited to say, "The
new building will be open on February 2nd on property that we
are leasing from the Borough for a nominal fee. I have to give
kudos to Chuck Poole on the construction, Mr Jurczak for the
heating and First City Electric, for getting our building done."
The community is invited to attend the grand opening of the new
fire house on February 2nd at 5:30 PM, with refreshments served
at 6PM. "We want people to be able to stop on their way
home from work, come in and meet the board of directors and give
us some input." Hull stated, "Our success is based
on that input, we don't want to work in a vacuum, we need information
from the public."
Marie L. Monyak is
a freelance writer living in Ketchikan, Alaska.
Contact Marie at firstname.lastname@example.org
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